Showing all Projects in Firms

  • Project

    Fiscal impacts of a presumptive tax for microenterprises in Rwanda

    This report examines the impact of the 2012 reform to micro and small enterprise tax law, which created a presumptive ‘flat fee’ regime in both Personal Income Tax (PIT) and Corporate Income Tax (CIT). In this regime, taxpayers whose turnover falls within a given band pay a fixed liability, with a zero marginal tax rate. Subsequent years have seen growth in both...

    9 Nov 2017 | Nada Eissa, Sally Murray, Andrew Zeitlin

  • Project

    Management in Pakistan: Evidence from Sindh, Baluchistan and Khyber Paktunkhawa provinces

    The vast inequality in performance between establishments within countries as well as differences across countries have been thoroughly documented in the past decades. An emerging literature finds that large variations in management practices are strongly associated with differences in performance across firms and countries and suggests that this relationship may be...

    3 Nov 2017 | Ali Choudhary, Renata Lemos, John Van Reenen

  • Project

    Unpacking the impact of regional integration in the East African Community

    With Brexit and the recent shift toward protectionism in U.S. politics, free trade and in particular regional trade agreements are under attack in prominent contexts.  Globalisation, in terms of lowered barriers to trade, has been much studied by economists--both in terms of the aggregate welfare impacts and income distribution.  In contrast, the study of preferential...

    25 Oct 2017 | Garth Frazer

  • Project

    Preferences or possibility? Understanding the labour supply decision in an LIC context

    The number of high-skilled workers in developing countries has been on the rise in recent years as spending on tertiary education expands, yet labour markets have not been able to create jobs to keep up with new skilled workers entering the labour market. The result has been a combination of underemployment and unemployment. Despite this pressing issue, we are not fully...

    12 Oct 2017 | Jamelia Harris

  • Project

    Analysing the impact of the Kigali Special Economic Zone on firm behaviour

    Analysis of the impact of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) on economic performance remains limited. The Rwandan government requested an assessment of the Kigali SEZ’s effectiveness on firm behaviour. The study shows SEZs should be viewed as growth catalysts rather than small, separate pockets of economic activity. The study’s recommendations were integrated in...

    6 Oct 2017 | Victor Steenbergen, Beata Smarzynska Javorcik

  • Project

    Improving supplier development linkages in the ‘Made in Rwanda’ policy: The potential of a Local Content Unit and a Firm Database

    The Government of Rwanda has recently drafted a “Made in Rwanda” (MiR) Policy. This seeks to improve the overall trade balance by improving perceptions of Rwandan products within Rwanda, promote nascent industries, and boost productivity of exporting sectors (MINEACOM, 2017). Improving linkages between domestic suppliers and large exporting firms is a critical...

    13 Sep 2017 | Victor Steenbergen, John Sutton, John Spray

  • Project

    Formal evaluation of the Ghana Commodities Exchange

    Commodities exchanges have become a policy priority for many governments in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the Ethiopian Commodities Exchange setting the stage for other countries to follow. The Ghana Commodities Exchange (GCX) is on its way to becoming fully operational. Using multiple data sources, including a mobile phone app developed in a previous IGC project, this...

    7 Sep 2017 | Yaw Nyarko

  • Project

    Financing the in-between sector: Designing and evaluating targeted SME lending in Tanzania

    Employment growth in Tanzania has been driven by small, often informal, manufacturing firms. Access to finance is one of the main obstacles these firms face. This project aims to help high-potential small firms to overcome this obstacle through targeted lending. As a result of the collaboration with the research team, the National Microfinance Bank (NMB) has...

    7 Sep 2017 | Margaret McMillan

  • Project

    Rapid response project on Indian firm data

    In March 2015, IGC organised a Workshop on Industry Data, held in Delhi. The workshop provided an opportunity for academics, policy makers and government agencies to discuss difficulties they face with using or collecting datasets on Indian firms, and define the steps for a way forward to improve the quality of the data available in these areas. To prepare for the...

    31 Aug 2017 | Sam Asher, Paul Novosad

  • Project

    Rainfall, selection, and agricultural productivity

    Developing countries have a low income per capita and low total factor productivity, relatively more so in the agricultural sector. Even after accounting for differences in labour inputs or incorrect measurement, this “agricultural productivity gap” remains large. In explaining this puzzle, the most recent research highlights the role of sorting and selection of workers...

    31 Jul 2017 | Francesco Amodio, Markus Poschke