Showing all Projects in Firms

  • Project

    Mapping domestic and international trade networks

    Why do developing countries tax imports so highly when the distortionary effects of tariffs are well-known and access to imported inputs can benefit economic growth (Koren and Csillag 2016, Goldberg et al. 2010)? One possibility is that, in low state capacity contexts, it is easier to enforce tariffs and hence generate revenue at the border than it is to enforce...

    23 Nov 2017 | Justine Knebelmann, Miguel Almunia, Jonas Hjort

  • Project

    Reform of the EAC Common External Tariff

    The Common External Tariff (CET) of the East African Community (EAC) is due for potential reform in November 2017. Manufacturers associations in the large EAC countries are pressing for additional tariff bands and greater protection, with the stated aim of promoting backward linkages and value chain development. This direction is dangerous in a dynamic sense, as it sets the...

    16 Nov 2017 | Ben Shepherd , Jaime de Melo, Ritwika Sen

  • Project

    Fiscal impacts of a presumptive tax for microenterprises in Rwanda

    This report examines the impact of the 2012 reform to micro and small enterprise tax law, which created a presumptive ‘flat fee’ regime in both Personal Income Tax (PIT) and Corporate Income Tax (CIT). In this regime, taxpayers whose turnover falls within a given band pay a fixed liability, with a zero marginal tax rate. Subsequent years have seen growth in both...

    9 Nov 2017 | Nada Eissa, Sally Murray, Andrew Zeitlin

  • Project

    Management in Pakistan: Evidence from Sindh, Baluchistan and Khyber Paktunkhawa provinces

    The vast inequality in performance between establishments within countries as well as differences across countries have been thoroughly documented in the past decades. An emerging literature finds that large variations in management practices are strongly associated with differences in performance across firms and countries and suggests that this relationship may be...

    3 Nov 2017 | Ali Choudhary, Renata Lemos, John Van Reenen

  • Project

    Unpacking the impact of regional integration in the East African Community

    With Brexit and the recent shift toward protectionism in U.S. politics, free trade and in particular regional trade agreements are under attack in prominent contexts.  Globalisation, in terms of lowered barriers to trade, has been much studied by economists--both in terms of the aggregate welfare impacts and income distribution.  In contrast, the study of preferential...

    25 Oct 2017 | Garth Frazer

  • Project

    Preferences or possibility? Understanding the labour supply decision in an LIC context

    The number of high-skilled workers in developing countries has been on the rise in recent years as spending on tertiary education expands, yet labour markets have not been able to create jobs to keep up with new skilled workers entering the labour market. The result has been a combination of underemployment and unemployment. Despite this pressing issue, we are not fully...

    12 Oct 2017 | Jamelia Harris

  • Project

    Analysing the impact of the Kigali Special Economic Zone on firm behaviour

    Analysis of the impact of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) on economic performance remains limited. The Rwandan government requested an assessment of the Kigali SEZ’s effectiveness on firm behaviour. The study shows SEZs should be viewed as growth catalysts rather than small, separate pockets of economic activity. The study’s recommendations were integrated in...

    6 Oct 2017 | Victor Steenbergen, Beata Smarzynska Javorcik

  • Project

    Improving supplier development linkages in the ‘Made in Rwanda’ policy: The potential of a Local Content Unit and a Firm Database

    The Government of Rwanda has recently drafted a “Made in Rwanda” (MiR) Policy. This seeks to improve the overall trade balance by improving perceptions of Rwandan products within Rwanda, promote nascent industries, and boost productivity of exporting sectors (MINEACOM, 2017). Improving linkages between domestic suppliers and large exporting firms is a critical...

    13 Sep 2017 | Victor Steenbergen, John Sutton, John Spray

  • Project

    Formal evaluation of the Ghana Commodities Exchange

    Commodities exchanges have become a policy priority for many governments in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the Ethiopian Commodities Exchange setting the stage for other countries to follow. The Ghana Commodities Exchange (GCX) is on its way to becoming fully operational. Using multiple data sources, including a mobile phone app developed in a previous IGC project, this...

    7 Sep 2017 | Yaw Nyarko

  • Project

    Financing the in-between sector: Designing and evaluating targeted SME lending in Tanzania

    Employment growth in Tanzania has been driven by small, often informal, manufacturing firms. Access to finance is one of the main obstacles these firms face. This project aims to help high-potential small firms to overcome this obstacle through targeted lending. As a result of the collaboration with the research team, the National Microfinance Bank (NMB) has...

    7 Sep 2017 | Margaret McMillan