Showing all Projects in Firms

  • Project

    Using a decision support model to identify export opportunities for Rwanda

    Expanding exports has become an urgent government priority in Rwanda in order to reduce a growing trade imbalance, ensure non-farm job creation, and improve economic growth. This is also reflected in Rwanda’s strategic plans, with the national export strategy for 2015-18 proposing a 20% annual rate of export growth (MINICOM, 2015). The main objective of this project is to...

    14 Jul 2017 | Wilma Viviers, Martin Cameron

  • Project

    Formalisation of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) through taxation: The case of Zambia

    In sub-Saharan Africa, few economic activities have been more overlooked than artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) – low-tech, labour-intensive mineral extraction and processing. This has been a significant oversight, given the sector's growing economic importance: it employs an estimated 30 million people directly worldwide; creates jobs for an additional 300 million...

    24 May 2017 | Gavin Hilson, Agatha Siwale, Godfrey Hampwaye

  • Project

    Tracking constraints to entrepreneurship in Africa

    An important part of understanding the growth prospects of an economy comes from understanding the constraints to business growth and entrepreneurship. Unfortunately, the data in this area is scarce in East Africa. The World Bank collects two sets of data in this vein, both of which suffer from some well-known issues such as the focus being solely on formal firms, medium to...

    23 May 2017 | Tavneet Suri, Louis Dorval

  • Project

    Resource discoveries, FDI bonanzas, and local development: Evidence from Mozambique

    The natural resource price boom of the 2000s and the accompanying discoveries, many of them in sub-Saharan Africa, revived economists’ interest in the effect of natural resources on development. One notable insight is that discoveries themselves should be of interest to economists as they have their own economic consequences before extraction happens. Indeed, recent...

    7 Apr 2017 | Gerhard Toews, Pierre-Louis Vezina

  • Project

    How regional trade can contribute to the development of East Africa's border areas

    In East Africa as well as other regions of the world, border regions tend to be less economically developed than interior ones. Night lights captured by satellites are on average 35% less intense at land borders than 200 km inland. Such “border shadows” are both a cause and a consequence of national boundaries. Country borders typically run through naturally...

    31 Mar 2017 | Olivier Cadot, Alexander Himbert, Marius Brülhart

  • Project

    The importance of firm networks: Methods and evidence from transaction-level administrative data

    How does the success or failure of one firm depend on its business linkages to other firms? Questions about firm-to-firm economic interactions are largely open because reliable and representative micro-data on firm transactions is hard to come by. We can shine some light on this problem by relying on a novel administrative data set of firm-to-firm transactions in Ecuador....

    23 Mar 2017 | Paul Carrillo, Dave Donaldson, Dina D. Pomeranz, Monica Singhal

  • Project

    Supply chains, exports, and import-substitution

    The two biggest policy priorities of the Rwandan Ministry of Industry, Trade and EAC Affairs (MINEACOM) currently relate to the promotion of exports, and the reduction of the import bill through ‘domestic market recapturing’. This project will conduct two small studies that utilise firm-level tax data to better understand the dynamics and constraints in both these...

    20 Mar 2017 | John Spray

  • Project

    Export transitions, productivity, and the supply chain

    This project assessed the consequences of Uganda's trade policy in terms of the impact on firm exports, productivity, and most interestingly, the wider supply chain. I also examine how this has important lessons for the ‘Buy Uganda, Build Uganda’ (BUBU) policy. I observed that Ugandan export and domestic trade performance is impressive and has been driven by the...

    15 Mar 2017 | John Spray

  • Project

    Microfinance institutions and micro and small enterprises in Ghana: The potential of the missing middle

    Micro and small enterprises (MSEs) could be a catalyst for development in Ghana, if they are able to grow in size and productivity. However a challenge to this is the lack of access to finance. Microfinance institutions (MFIs), and in particular financial non-governmental organisations (FNGOs), could provide this missing link and faciliate the growth of MSEs. To...

    14 Mar 2017 | Marco Trombetta, Pablo Casadio, María Luque Calvo

  • Project

    Women and work in rural India

    In contrast with global trends, India has witnessed a decline in women’s employment rates over the past few decades. We investigated this decline in rural areas, where the majority of Indian women live. We found that increasing education levels among rural married women and the men in their households were the most important factors contributing to the decline...

    9 Mar 2017 | Farzana Afridi, Kanika Mahajan, Taryn Dinkelman