Showing all Projects in Firms

  • Project

    Demand-driven, private sector enforcement of labour law in Bangladesh

    Global supply chains often extend into weak states with limited social and environmental regulations and with little formal enforcement of existing regulations. Integration into global supply chains provides benefits to firms and workers in these countries (Tanaka, 2016; Atkin et al., 2016). But lack of regulation and lack of enforcement of existing regulation also carry...

    25 Jan 2018 | Noam Yuchtman, Laura Boudreau

  • Project

    Job portals and labour market frictions

    The constraints to the growth of medium-sized firms is a question of great policy relevance given their large role in the economies of developing countries. Academic research holds that the dearth of adequately skilled workers is an important factor limiting firm growth (IGC 2014). More recent empirical work (Hardy and McCasland, 2015) suggests that labour market frictions...

    24 Jan 2018 | Jeremy Magruder, Elizabeth Ramirez Ritchie, Erin Kelley

  • Project

    Government demand and firm performance: New evidence for sub-Saharan African Countries

    This project seeks to analyse the role of public procurement as a determinant of firm performance in developing countries. Public procurement is increasingly being employed as an industrial policy tool by East African countries (and developing countries more generally) searching to upgrade domestic industrial capabilities and spur innovation while promoting sustainable...

    18 Jan 2018 | Bernard Hoekman, Marco Sanfilippo

  • Project

    Understanding Industrial Parks

    Ethiopia has recently launched an ambitious programme of industrialisation. The government of this fast-growing, densely populated country hopes to attract foreign investment in its brand-new industrial parks by offering a large workforce, competitive wages, cheap electricity and good infrastructure. Several garment factories have already started production in the...

    18 Jan 2018 | Stefano Caria, Simon Quinn, Stefan Dercon

  • Project

    Understanding constraints to value addition in the Ugandan coffee sector

    Uganda has the highest concentration of coffee farmers in the world, but premiums from the sector are not as high as other East African countries. Identifying quick wins and long-term changes, this project explored the lack of brand awareness of Ugandan coffee and limited sales in certain markets.  Key recommendations include developing a unique brand for coffee...

    16 Jan 2018 | Ameet Morjaria, Jenny Scharrer, Martin Sprott

  • Project

    Understanding foreign connections: How Myanmar's top exporters find buyers

    Since 2010, Myanmar has implemented political and economic reforms aimed at spurring growth and increasing the country’s participation in the global economy. Despite these reforms and the removal of international trade sanctions, Myanmar’s exports remain low and the trade deficit is widening. Part of the explanation for this poor performance lies in the fact that...

    12 Jan 2018 | Matthieu Teachout

  • Project

    Agricultural cooperatives in Ethiopia: Do they matter?

    This project aims to provide first-hand empirical evidence on the potential of agricultural cooperatives in transforming smallholder and traditional farming in Ethiopia.  Evaluating the effectiveness of these local organisations in terms of the promises they are supposed to deliver and facilitating agricultural transformation and commercialisation provides relevant...

    3 Jan 2018 | Kibrom A. Abay, Guush Berhanu

  • Project

    Constraints to female entrepreneurship in Pakistan: The role of women's goals and aspirations

    Evidence on the impact of microfinance loans on business outcomes shows moderately positive, but not transformational effects especially for women.  This is true even when access to finance is coupled with business training, suggesting that factors other than credit and knowledge constraints reduce women’s ability to start or grow a business. Recent studies have...

    30 Nov 2017 | Farah Said, Giovanna D'Adda, Mahreen Mahmud, Diego Ubfal

  • Project

    Mapping domestic and international trade networks

    Why do developing countries tax imports so highly when the distortionary effects of tariffs are well-known and access to imported inputs can benefit economic growth (Koren and Csillag 2016, Goldberg et al. 2010)? One possibility is that, in low state capacity contexts, it is easier to enforce tariffs and hence generate revenue at the border than it is to enforce...

    23 Nov 2017 | Justine Knebelmann, Miguel Almunia, Jonas Hjort

  • Project

    Reform of the EAC Common External Tariff

    The Common External Tariff (CET) of the East African Community (EAC) is due for potential reform in November 2017. Manufacturers associations in the large EAC countries are pressing for additional tariff bands and greater protection, with the stated aim of promoting backward linkages and value chain development. This direction is dangerous in a dynamic sense, as it sets the...

    16 Nov 2017 | Ben Shepherd , Jaime de Melo, Ritwika Sen