Showing all Projects in Firms

  • Project

    Understanding low productivity in developing countries: Evidence from the airline industry

    Economists have long been interested in documenting and explaining the gap in productivity between developing and developed countries. Understanding the determinants of low productivity in the developing world is important not just for economists. This knowledge is vital for policymakers in government, our primary stakeholders, in order to guide the design of industrial...

    31 Jul 2017 | David Atkin, Amit Khandelwal

  • Project

    Artisanal jade mining in Myanmar

    Myanmar is the largest producer of jade in the world, accounting for 95% of global supply. In 2014, one report estimated annual jade production at $31bn - almost half of Myanmar’s GDP in that year - making it by far the country’s most valuable commodity. Yet little is known about the sector and most of its value evades official records and taxation processes. Despite...

    28 Jul 2017 | Win Min, Min Zar Ni Lin, Marjanneke Vijge

  • Project

    Spillovers from Special Economic Zones: Micro evidence from Myanmar

    Special Economic Zones (SEZs) are becoming an increasingly popular policy tool to spur job creation and economic development in Myanmar. However, there is little knowledge on how to best leverage their unique advantages. This IGC project evaluated the performance of the only operational SEZ in Myanmar, the Thilawa SEZ. With the Thilawa SEZ management team, it also...

    28 Jul 2017 | Amit Khandelwal, Matthieu Teachout, Rocco Macchiavello

  • Project

    Informing a cashless economy strategy for Rwanda

    Using cash as a means of payments costs national economies 1.5% of GDP. Yet, 85% of global consumer payments continue to be made in cash, according to a 2015 MasterCard Foundation Advisors Report. The underlying factors for the dominance of cash-based transactions vary from country to country and originate from both supply-side and demand-side considerations. The objective...

    26 Jul 2017 | Kasim Ggombe

  • Project

    Evaluation of the Common External Tariff (CET) of the East African Community (EAC) from Uganda and Rwanda's perspective in 2017

    Regional trade integration is a pillar of East African Community partner states’ trade policies, including Uganda and Rwanda. The Customs Union, a first milestone in the regional integration process, was adopted in 2005, committing member states (initially Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania) to the adoption of a Common External Tariff (CET). Uganda has now had twelve years of...

    19 Jul 2017 | Garth Frazer

  • Project

    Using a decision support model to identify export opportunities for Rwanda

    Expanding exports has become an urgent government priority in Rwanda in order to reduce a growing trade imbalance, ensure non-farm job creation, and improve economic growth. This is also reflected in Rwanda’s strategic plans, with the national export strategy for 2015-18 proposing a 20% annual rate of export growth (MINICOM, 2015). The main objective of this project is to...

    14 Jul 2017 | Wilma Viviers, Martin Cameron

  • Project

    Formalisation of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) through taxation: The case of Zambia

    In sub-Saharan Africa, few economic activities have been more overlooked than artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) – low-tech, labour-intensive mineral extraction and processing. This has been a significant oversight, given the sector's growing economic importance: it employs an estimated 30 million people directly worldwide; creates jobs for an additional 300 million...

    24 May 2017 | Gavin Hilson, Agatha Siwale, Godfrey Hampwaye

  • Project

    Tracking constraints to entrepreneurship in Africa

    An important part of understanding the growth prospects of an economy comes from understanding the constraints to business growth and entrepreneurship. Unfortunately, the data in this area is scarce in East Africa. The World Bank collects two sets of data in this vein, both of which suffer from some well-known issues such as the focus being solely on formal firms, medium to...

    23 May 2017 | Tavneet Suri, Louis Dorval

  • Project

    Resource discoveries, FDI bonanzas, and local development: Evidence from Mozambique

    The natural resource price boom of the 2000s and the accompanying discoveries, many of them in sub-Saharan Africa, revived economists’ interest in the effect of natural resources on development. One notable insight is that discoveries themselves should be of interest to economists as they have their own economic consequences before extraction happens. Indeed, recent...

    7 Apr 2017 | Gerhard Toews, Pierre-Louis Vezina

  • Project

    How regional trade can contribute to the development of East Africa's border areas

    In East Africa as well as other regions of the world, border regions tend to be less economically developed than interior ones. Night lights captured by satellites are on average 35% less intense at land borders than 200 km inland. Such “border shadows” are both a cause and a consequence of national boundaries. Country borders typically run through naturally...

    31 Mar 2017 | Olivier Cadot, Alexander Himbert, Marius Brülhart