Showing all content in State

  • Project

    Formalizing informal taxation: Evidence from the D.R. Congo

    Informal taxation, which often involves contributing labour toward local public goods provision, is a frequently overlooked source of local public finance in developing countries. However, in most countries the incidence of informal taxation is regressive: poor households often contribute more work hours than better-off households, and at times the most disadvantaged...

    22 Jan 2021 | Augustin Bergeron, Gabriel Tourek, Jonathan Weigel

  • Blog post

    A delicate balance: How to harness regional integration and industrial policy for economic transformation in Africa

    Two powerful drivers of economic transformation, industrial policy and regional integration, can be friends or foes. Africa’s economic prospects will be profoundly shaped by their relationship. One of the key factors shaping industrialisation in Africa this decade (and beyond) will be the relationship between regional integration and industrial policy. Both are...

    19 Jan 2021 | Max Walter

  • Project

    Tax evasion in customs: Firm level evidence from Uganda

    Developing countries are constrained by a lack of resources to fund growth enhancing public investments. Trade taxes are one important source of tax revenues for almost all of these economies. Uganda is no exception: In fiscal year 2017/18 revenues from import duties (tariffs) alone contributed about 8.5 percent to total tax collection. For this project we propose to...

    11 Jan 2021 | Nada Eissa, Jakob Rauschendorfer, Michael Best

  • Project

    Strengthening state capacity and enhancing bureaucratic effectiveness

    Developing state capacity is essential for promoting economic growth and development. This does not only involve developing fiscal capacity of the state by improving its resource mobilization techniques but also ensuring that a well-functioning and motivated bureaucracy is in place that can deliver essential services. Over the last decade, a reasonably large literature...

    11 Jan 2021 | Zahra Mansoor, Adnan Khan

  • Project

    A synthesis of evidence on take home rations

    According to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) in 2015-16, 38.4 percent of children in India under the age of five are stunted, i.e., have impaired growth and development. This rises to 41.2 percent in rural areas, ranking India 134th out of 151 countries. Devoting public resources to reducing micronutrient deficiencies in children is essential for improved health...

    11 Jan 2021 | Sudha Narayanan

  • Blog post

    Agricultural value chain finance can help drive Myanmar’s agricultural growth

    Surrounded by some of the largest consumer markets in the world, at the nexus of important trade routes, and with its own growing consumer markets, Myanmar has tremendous potential as an agricultural producer. Yet one persistent obstacle is the agricultural sector’s lack of access to financial services, which can drive productivity and growth. Myanmar’s financial...

    11 Jan 2021 | Siddhartha Basu , Alan de Brauw, Khin Pwint Oo, Russell Toth

  • Project

    Informal workers and labour market risk during COVID-19 in India

    Informal work, such as through casual, temporary, and contract work, is a defining feature of labour markets in many developing countries and more recently in developed countries. India has one of the highest shares of informal work in the world, estimated to be between 75-90 percent of all workers. It typifies the current concerns over informal workers suffering...

    10 Dec 2020 | Stephen Machin, Swati Dhingra

  • Project

    Do farmers’ ability and community networks matter in agricultural adaptation to climate change? A case study of Bihar

    The consequences of climate change have led to significant implications for agricultural productivity. Most especially in poorer Indian states such as Bihar, where farmers rely on traditional agricultural practices, have less room-to-maneuver in response to climate uncertainty – and the resulting changes to overall agricultural productivity. Although, mitigation and...

    10 Dec 2020 | Meeta Keswani Mehra

  • Project

    Food security during pandemic times: Insights and perspectives from rural Bihar

    COVID-19 and the government-enforced lockdown has adversely impacted peoples’ livelihoods. The impact of the lockdown is very severe in the rural areas due to closures, restricted farming, and other economic activities. In a poor state like Bihar where nearly 90 percent of the population lives in rural areas and out-migration numbers are extremely high, the flow of...

    10 Dec 2020 | Sunil Kumar Mishra, Aditi Madan, Swati Dutta

  • Project

    Uganda’s energy sector: A fiscal risk

    Uganda is a low-income country -- with middle-income ambitions -- that has made the energy sector a cornerstone of its development policy. The country allocates a large share of its public resources on providing a reliably supply of electricity to new businesses and to its citizens. Uganda has used debt to finance hydropower dams, transmission lines, and other large...

    4 Dec 2020 | Menno Jan van der Ven