Showing all content in State

  • Blog post

    Impact of the Russia-Ukraine war on Ethiopia

    The conflict in Ukraine and the subsequent sanctions against Russia triggered price increases of key commodities with far reaching impacts on welfare, production, and economic growth for developing countries, including Ethiopia. Economic sanctions were imposed on Russia by the US and EU to deter Russia from further escalating the war with Ukraine. The ongoing conflict has...

    8 Aug 2022 | Seneshaw Tamru, Tewodros Makonnen Gebrewolde

  • Blog post

    In-kind transfers as insurance: Evidence from India

    While academics and policymakers prefer unconditional cash transfer to the poor, they value in-kind transfers that protect against price fluctuations A fundamental question in the public economics literature, as well as in the practical design of social protection programmes, is whether transfers from the government to the poor should take the form of cash or kind...

    2 Aug 2022 | Lucie Gadenne, Sam Norris, Monica Singhal, Sandip Sukhtankar

  • Project

    Electronic fiscal devices in Tanzania

    Improving the efficiency of tax collection is key to reach sustainable and inclusive economic growth. In many developing countries tax collection is typically low due to evasion, corruption, and poor taxation technology. Several tax authorities in Africa have recently introduced Electronic Fiscal Devices (EFDs).   EFDs are devices with fiscal memory that have the...

    29 Jul 2022 | Santiago Garriga

  • Blog post

    Digital tax stamps and firm behaviour in Uganda

    Digital tax stamps enable governments to strengthen tax administration and compliance by simplifying the verification, tracking, and monitoring of excisable goods. Firms’ behavioural responses to these stamps determines ex-factory prices, sales revenues, and government excise revenues. In an effort to minimise underreporting and misclassification by firms manufacturing...

    19 Jul 2022 | Silver Namunane

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Excise taxes and digital tax stamps: Do digital tax stamps work?

    To effectively administer tax policy, tax administration must adjust to manage behavioural responses by firms. In financial year 2019/20, the Government of Uganda implemented a policy that required manufactures of some excisable goods to affix Digital Tax Stamps (DTS). In this paper, monthly excise tax returns data for four financial years are used to estimate the effect of...

    7 Jul 2022 | Silver Namunane

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    How data can improve property tax implementation in Rwanda

    Rwanda introduced a new property tax law which entered into force on 1 January 2019. This property tax sought to increase municipal revenues from a low base and empower local government as part of a wider decentralisation process. IGC and the consulting firm GOPA, funded by GIZ, generated a prototype Computer Assisted Mass Appraisal (CAMA) for Kigali applying machine...

    21 Jun 2022 | Jonathan Bower, Kaspar Kundert, Patrick McSharry, Paul Brimble

  • Blog post

    Scaling up development finance can bring peace in fragile countries

    The number of people living in poverty in fragile and conflict-affected countries is estimated to reach 360 million by 2030. Lifting people out of poverty in places affected by low government capacity, poor infrastructure and high political and economic risk and uncertainty is a critical challenge and key to addressing global problems such as conflict, migration,...

    21 Jun 2022 | Rafat Al-Akhali

  • News Item

    DFI Fragility Forum 2022

    The fourth annual DFI Fragility Forum convened on 3-4 May 2022 at the Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford, with participation of 25 Development Finance Institutions (DFIs), as well as official agencies and shareholder representatives. The Forum was co-organised by the African Development Bank, British International Investment, the International Finance...

    6 May 2022

  • Publication - Project Report

    Ask a local: Improving the public pricing of land titles in urban Tanzania

    Information on willingness-to-pay is key for public pricing and allocation of services but not easily collected. Studying land titles in Dar-es-Salaam, we ask whether local leaders know and will reveal plot owners' willingness-to-pay. We randomly assign leaders to predict under different settings then elicit owners' actual willingness-to-pay. Demand is substantial, but...

    4 May 2022 | Martina Manara, Tanner Regan

  • Blog post

    Can internet access lead to improved economic outcomes?

    The Infra4Dev Conference, jointly organised by the World Bank and the International Growth Centre on March 3rd-4th 2022, brought together the academic and policy-making community to exchange knowledge and insights regarding the roles that infrastructure can play in catalysing development. Professor Jonas Hjort (Columbia University and University College London) provided the...

    5 Apr 2022 | Jonas Hjort, Camilla Sacchetto