Showing all content in State

  • Blog post

    Can paying taxes be social? Lessons on the social dimensions of tax compliance among MSMEs in Zambia

    Zambia’s open-air markets bustle with commercial activity. Over time, bonds have formed among operators, creating social networks, shared social norms, and, in some cases, social organisations capable of articulating the needs and aspirations of those who work in these communities. As one walks through Kalingalinga market—one of approximately 80 markets in...

    16 Sep 2019 | Dan Pemstein, Brigitte Seim, Twivwe Siwale

  • Publication - Sub-thematic summary

    Taxation: A summary of IGC research

    This sub-thematic summary highlights the IGC’s research on taxation over the past 10 years. Effective taxation systems are essential for enabling governments, at all levels, to generate the revenues needed to finance the services, infrastructure, and investment necessary to drive economic growth. Despite their importance, however, tax systems are often a neglected...

    6 Sep 2019 | Moussa Saab

  • Multimedia Item - Video

    Video: Why is tax compliance important for growth?

    Nada Eissa, IGC Lead Academic for IGC Uganda, discusses why compliance is important to growth in developing countries and the role of information. This video is part of our #IGC10 campaign

    6 Sep 2019

  • Multimedia Item - Video

    Video: Improving tax compliance in Rwanda

    IGC Rwanda Director Richard Newfarmer discusses research from Rwanda that seeks to improve compliance with Value Added Taxes through consumer incentives. This video is part of our #IGC10 campaign

    6 Sep 2019

  • Blog post

    Mitigating welfare losses for workers after a layoff: Evidence from Brazil

    Across the development path, social insurance programs become an increasingly important part of governments’ role, and the SDGs have highlighted the importance of such social protection schemes for development. Informality and low state capacity, however, impose challenges for policy design that may have consequences for the insurance value of such programs, and there is...

    22 Aug 2019 | Francois Gerard, Joana Naritomi

  • Blog post

    Escaping the fragility trap: Lessons from Myanmar

    State fragility imperils people’s lives and prevents long-run economic prosperity. In July 2019, the IGC co-hosted a large academic conference in Yangon, Myanmar on this critical issue. Several important lessons emerged for states struggling with fragility. State fragility, the situation where government institutions have weak capacity or low legitimacy, affects many of...

    19 Aug 2019 | Matei Alexianu

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Social protection and job displacement in developing countries

    Across the development path, social insurance programmes such as job displacement insurance schemes become an increasingly important part of governments’ role. This brief uses unique administrative data from São Paulo, Brazil, to study displaced workers’ need for insurance and the insurance value of the two most common government-mandated job displacement...

    19 Aug 2019 | Francois Gerard, Joana Naritomi

  • Project

    Investor performance and tax incentives

    The focus to attract additional private-sector investment, both domestic and foreign, has long been a key priority for the Government of Rwanda, and a critical policy focus for economic development. This has commonly taken the shape of targeted support for priority sectors, such as manufacturing, agro-processing and ICT, and has occurred, in part, through prioritised...

    16 Aug 2019 | Erik Von Uexkull, Victor Steenbergen

  • Project

    Political economy of road networks: What happens to a local economy when a new road is built?

    The processes that involve the provision of public goods like paved streets, electricity, gas and piped water connections are highly contested and politicised in Pakistan. As a result, differences in the provision of public goods exist across dimensions of class, caste/biraderi, gender and locality. The differential and uneven provision of public goods, not only further...

    16 Aug 2019 | Danish Khan, Vamsi Vakulabharanam, Shahram Azhar

  • Project

    Electricity and public goods provision in Karachi, Pakistan

    In large parts of the developing world where democracy and democratic institutions such as legislature, courts and civil society are weakly institutionalised, the provision of public goods to the most disenfranchised members of society falls through the cracks. This project focuses on the privatisation of electricity, a public good that at the turn of the millennia is...

    16 Aug 2019 | Erum Haider