Showing all Projects in State

  • Project

    Harnessing the power of electronic fiscal devices

    Low tax compliance is a major challenge in most developing countries, including Zambia. Many governments have adopted a Value Added Tax (VAT) to increase tax revenues and VAT is now responsible for up to a quarter of total revenues in developing countries (Keen, 2016). The key benefit of VAT is that it is self-enforcing along the supply chain. Firms have a financial...

    23 Jul 2020 | Brian Dillon, Twivwe Siwale

  • Project

    Zambian youth unemployment in industries without smokestacks

    Zambia has high rates of unemployment and is overly dependent on mining for growth and foreign exchange. In 2018, the unemployment rate was 12.6 percent and the youth unemployment rate was 17.4 percent. With a growing population, this issue will only become worse without intervention and growth in labour-absorbing sectors of the economy. This study researches...

    23 Jul 2020 | Rayner Tabetando, Anand Rajaram, Dennis Chiwele

  • Project

    Are households willing to adopt and pay for recycling their own waste: A study of Patna City

    Indian cities generated 62 million tonnes of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) annually and it is projected that by 2031 they will generate 165 million tons of waste annually (Planning Commission Report, 2014). The task of managing these mammoth quantities of waste rests solely with the Municipalities. Municipalities, however, lack the capability to sustainably manage such large...

    17 Jul 2020 | Uma Sarmistha, Anjor Bhaskar

  • Project

    A pilot study to develop and test ICT tools to improve timeliness of vaccination in Bihar

    Despite a significant increase in vaccine coverage in India, more than 20% of child deaths in 2008 were caused by three vaccine-preventable diseases alone. A major underlying factor behind these deaths is lack of vaccine effectiveness, which in turn depends on the timeliness of vaccination. Factors affecting the delays in timeliness of vaccinations include: Manual...

    17 Jul 2020 | Sisir Debnath, Sarang Deo

  • Project

    Can peer and neighbourhood effects improve maternal health outcomes in rural Bihar: Assessing the role of formal and informal networks

    Bihar is a state with a long history of poor maternal health indicators. At the onset of the National Rural Health Mission in 2005, Bihar was listed as one of the High Focus states, and special attention was paid to improving health indicators. Data from the latest round of the Demographic Health Survey indicates that such attempts have not been successful. Policy...

    15 Jul 2020 | Mousumi Dutta, Zakir Husain

  • Project

    Child marriage in Bihar: The role of insecurity and migration

    According to the recent National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4, 2015-16) data, 39.1% of women in India within the age-group of 20-24 years are married before 18 years. In Bihar, the problem is much more acute with 42.5% of the girls in this age group having been married before 18. Though over the years the situation has improved in the state, some worrying statistics show...

    14 Jul 2020 | Anindita Sen, Arijita Dutta

  • Project

    Social identity, taste bias and under provisioning of public goods

    Data shows that public good provision in India decreases with an increase in caste-based fractionalisation. While past research (Banerjee and Somanathan, 2007) documents this association, the causal interpretation and the deeper mechanisms driving the result is an open question. This project aims to plug this gap by identifying the precise causal connection between caste...

    10 Jul 2020 | Ritwik Banerjee, Anujit Chakraborty, Ashokankur Datta, Arka Roy Chaudhuri

  • Project

    Using automated event detection to reduce data collection costs with an application to the BFRS dataset

    The project aims to replicate and extend the BFRS dataset (which measured political violence in Pakistan, based on press reporting, from 1988 to 2011) by using machine learning and algorithm techniques. Incident-level data on political violence has been analysed to study causal linkages between terrorism and economic growth. Such research aids policymakers in formulating...

    8 Jul 2020 | Ali Hasanain, Muhammad Fareed Zaffar

  • Project

    Beliefs and behaviours towards COVID-19 in Mozambique

    There is considerable uncertainty around the current state and future developments of the COVID-19 crisis in Mozambique, both for health outcomes as well as economic and social outcomes. As in many sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, measures such as imposed lockdowns are likely to be particularly challenging and even counterproductive in the face of fragile...

    1 Jul 2020 | Mattia Fracchia, Pedro Vicente

  • Project

    State engagement with religious leaders for effective COVID-19 crisis response

    With the outbreak of COVID-19, many Muslim countries throughout the world including Saudi Arabia, UAE, Malaysia, Turkey and Iran imposed restrictions on religious gatherings and congregations, including the mandatory Friday prayer. In Pakistan, however, the state was unable to effectively negotiate with the religious leaderships and mosques remained open. In the...

    1 Jun 2020 | Katherine Vyborny