Country Session 13: Zambia
Alan Hirsch (IGC-Zambia) chaired session 12 at Growth Week 2012 and introduced Kayula Siame (Private Sector Development Reform Programme) and Kelsey Jack (Tufts University). The PSRP presentation highlighted the achievements and challenges of improving the business environment in Zambia. This was discussed by Rosetta Mwape (Zambia Association of Manufacturers). With the key objective of reflecting the Zambian government’s commitment to improving the business environment and to reduce the cost of doing business, the PSDRP has seen Zambia’s ranking in ease of doing business improve and the creation of a credit guarantee scheme for Small to Medium Enterprises(SMEs) during its first five years of existence. The licensing processes of business has also drastically been improved, and coupled with the creation of a one stop border post the first of its kind in Southern Africa; there has been a drastic reduction in delays in customs clearance time. The main challenge of the programme has been its mainstreaming into all relevant government departments and inertia to change in the bureaucratic system. There are also concerns from the private sector on their inadequate representation in the reform programme. This has resulted into limited ownership thus affecting its implementation pace. Notwithstanding that, political commitment from the Ministry of Commerce has been immense which will see its sustainability.
Kelsey Jack presented research investigating the adoption of agro-forestry in Zambia in the context of the Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation Plus (REDD+) campaign. Discussed by David Kashole (Zambian Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources), study presents the preliminary findings of the required incentives to encourage the adoption of agro-forestry by farmers in the Eastern Province of Zambia. The research found that both input costs and short term rewards (incentives) affect the participation of farmers into the programme. The adoption of REDD+ approaches that involve land use depend on getting the incentives to farmers’ right. Further, cost effectiveness of the programme to adopt REDD+ approaches depends on both fixed and variable costs, and cannot avoid the legal issues of land tenure. Continued work from this study is expected to feed into the government’s climate change policy.
Audio is not available for this session.