Day 1: Country Session – Tanzania
The Tanzania country session was chaired by IGC Lead Academic Professor Chris Adam (Oxford University).
First Part: Land Markets and Public Infrastructure. Dr Matthew Collin (Center for Global Development) talked about formal property rights (in the form of certificate of rights of occupancy – CROs) in Dar-es-Salaam in the context of an RCT, where the intervention aimed at lowering the costs of access and encouraging co-titling with spouse. He showed that infrastructure upgrading is positively correlated with the demand for CROs. Dr Martina Kirchberger (Columbia University) presented forward-looking work on road infrastructure in Tanzania to explore ways to improve the efficiency of public spending. Sam Wamgwe (REPOA) discussed the two presentations on urbanization and emphasized their policy relevance.
Second Part: Exchange Rate and Revenue Mobilization. Ben Langford (IGC Tanzania) presented on-going work that will explore the scope for improvements in tax revenue mobilization in the EAC in the light of a widening gap between tax expenditures and aid revenues. Professor Chris Adam’s presentation illustrated exchange rate dynamics in Tanzania and the EAC with a focus on the capital account and market structure and set the ground for the team’s future research work on monetary policy. Dr Aikaeli (University of Dar Es Salaam) underlined the need to increase the tax base to increase resource mobilization in order to reduce poverty. Dr Mwamba (Bank of Tanzania) emphasized the potential positive effect of the opening of the capital account as well as the natural resource economy.
Third Part: Firms and Industrial Policy. Professor John Sutton (LSE) described his ongoing strategy development with the Tanzania Investment Centre. While Professor Margaret McMillan (Tufts University) outlined her recent scoping visit and areas of interest for future IGC work on firms and industrial capacity in Tanzania. Adam Gahhu (Tanzania Private Sector Foundation) welcomed the support of the IGC in the area and emphasized the lack of government capacity to partner with and support new investors.
By Marguerite Duponchel, Country Economist, IGC Uganda