Virtuous Cycles

However, he noted that of the 40 countries that were classified as fragile for five or more years between 1978 and 1990, 23 of those countries managed to escape poverty and violence.  They were able to do this as they could unleash a virtuous cycle of self-reinforcing improvement. To do this, the governments that came into power took immediate measures to create confidence. This then led for the space to allow institutional transformation, better living conditions and new confidence and ultimately unleashed a virtuous cycle that opened the way to further reforms.