Urban Transportation, Land Use, and Growth: Evidence from China 1990-2010

As countries develop, their major cities undergo a remarkable transformation. Population shifts to new suburbs and central city population density falls. Manufacturing activity also moves from the central cities to the suburbs, and in its place, service industries grow to employ a workforce that is increasingly affluent, mobile and suburban. This relocation of production and population involves massive reconstruction of cities, and while market forces drive this process, public sector investments in transportation infrastructure play an important role.

Increasing Tax Compliance through Social Recognition

High rates of economic growth, in-migration and urbanisation have resulted in great stress on aging infrastructure in Dhaka, which is the epi-center for economic activity in Bangladesh. Bangladeshi firms report facing more than one power outage per working day in the World Bank Enterprise Survey, and Dhaka is consistently ranked near last place in the Economist Intelligence Unit’s City Livability Index.

Cross-Country Measures of Productivity Dispersion in Multi-Product Firms: Comparing Ready-Made Garments across IGC Countries

Production of garments is one of the most common large-scale manufacturing activities in low-income countries. The nature of production makes it possible to compare physical productivity across factories in sewing operations – which across all firms represent most of the employment in the sector. This project aims to harmonise factory-level data from more than 100 factories in several countries. This exercise leverages extensive expertise developed during the past two years working in Bangladesh.


Management Practices in Mozambique

An increasing body of evidence has found that good management practices in firms is correlated with higher productivity and better firm outcomes. The research of the World Management Survey finds that firms in developing countries have significantly worse management practices than those in more developed countries, largely due to a long tail of badly managed firms.


Do-Gooders and Go-Getters: Career Incentives, Selection, and Performance in Public Service Delivery

We study how career incentives affect who selects into public health jobs and, through selection, their performance while in service. We collaborate with the Government of Zambia to experimentally vary the salience of career vs. social benefits of a newly created health worker position when recruiting agents nationally. We follow the entire first cohort from application to performance in the field and measure impacts at every stage.

Promoting the Adoption of New Rice Varieties

Over the past decades, agricultural productivity has stagnated in much of sub-Saharan Africa while many other regions have seen dramatic productivity improvements. As a result, many African countries do not produce enough staple food to meet their growing consumption needs. Sierra Leone, a net exporter of rice in the 1960s, must now import a third of its total consumption at a high cost. Low rice production is a threat to food security for vulnerable groups, particularly the rural poor who grow rice as their primary staple diet.

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