POLICY BRIEF

Improving Teacher Attendance using a Locally Managed Monitoring Scheme: Evidence from Ugandan Primary Schools

Teacher absenteeism remains a serious challenge in Uganda, with estimated rates of absence as high as 27 per cent. Evidence from other countries suggests that a monitoring scheme, combined with bonus payments, could reduce absenteeism, and improve education performance. However, it is unclear what form this scheme should take.

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NEWS

IGC Evidence Paper - Cities

Much of the developing world has begun to rapidly urbanise. This has led to the creation of developing cities and the emergence of mega-cities around the world. The benefits of this dense clustering of individuals have been well documented in many more developed cities. In that fact, it has been observed that productivity in these urban clusters is significantly higher in rural areas and that they do often become primary engines of economic growth. As a result, the potential effects of productive cities on economic growth in developing countries are very large.

Research themes: 
NEWS

IGC Evidence Paper: Firm Capabilities

The IGC Firm Capabilities Research Programme pulls economists with a common interest in firm capabilities together to focus on three core questions: (i) what are the key proximate determinants of firm productivity? (ii) Where does the productive capacity of firms originate? (iii) What are the barriers that prevent resources from moving from unproductive firms and sectors to areas of higher productivity?

IGC PROJECT

Recyclers at risk? Analysis of e-waste livelihoods and blood lead levels at Ghana's recycling hub, Agbogbloshie

Rapid urbanization coupled with lack of adequate infrastructural services and job opportunities has brought in new socio-economic and environmental problems in the developing world. One such issue that requires urgent attention is the mounting e-waste stockpiles and attendant informal recycling operations, which has grown from being a concern for regional and local governments to an issue of national importance in Ghana (Amankwaa 2013). Agbogbloshie in Accra, Ghana, has become a major site for the intersection of various dynamics.

NEWS

IGC Evidence Paper: State Effectiveness

In a sizable number of developing countries, the public sector fails to provide many, if not most, critical public goods necessary for economic development. The presence of a well-functioning state is key to encouraging economic growth. Part of this concerns having a public sector that has the capacity to raise revenues and spend them effectively; and that policymakers are incentivized to act in favour of their citizen. This paper discusses recent developments in the literature on state effectiveness.

NEWS

IGC Evidence Paper: Energy

Achieving reliable, widespread access to electricity will be transformative for many developing countries. It has significant effects on how households apportion their time and which methods and inputs are applied by productive enterprises. However, much of the world’s population remains without this reliable access or the benefits generated from it. This paper outlines many of the questions behind why this remains the case.

Research themes: 
IGC PROJECT

Adoption of Balanced Use of Chemical Fertilizers: Farmers' Response to Scientific Evidence and Social Learning

Consumption of chemical fertilizers (mainly Urea, Phosphates and Potash or NPK) has risen rapidly in Bihar in recent years, faster than in the rest of India, and the farmers of Bihar now use higher quantities of NPK per hectare of net sown area (200 kg/ha) than the national average (135 kg/ha). Despite that, crop yields are still generally lower in Bihar. A more balanced usage of fertilizers and increased use of secondary nutrients and micro-nutrients, such as Zinc, Sulfur, Boron, etc.

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