Bidding for roads

Data set State

Politically-driven corruption is a pervasive challenge for development, but evidence of its welfare effects are scarce. Using data from a major rural road construction programme in India we document political influence in a setting where politicians have no official role in contracting decisions.

Exploiting close elections to identify the causal effect of coming to power, we show that the share of contractors whose name matches that of the winning politician increases by 83% (from 4% to 7%) in the term after a close election compared to the term before. Regression discontinuity estimates at the road level show that political interference raises costs, lowers quality, and increases the likelihood that roads go missing.

The data are in Appendix A. Supplementary Data. Main format is stata data and do files. This data contains the replication files for “Building connections: Political Corruption and Road Construction in India”. The replication files allow replicating tables and figures in the main text of the paper. The pdf “Overview for BC replication files” details what is contained in each file.