James D. Fearon is Theodore and Frances Geballe Professor in the School of Humanities and Sciences and Professor of Political Science at Stanford University, and a Senior Fellow at Stanford’s Freeman-Spogli Institute for International Studies. He is an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences (2012) and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2002). He is also a Program Fellow of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. His research interests include civil and interstate war, ethnic conflict, the politics of democratisation, and the evaluation of foreign aid projects promoting improved governance. Publications include “How Does Development Assistance Affect Collective Action Capacity?” (American Political Science Review, 2015), “Self-Enforcing Democracy” (Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2011), “Iraq’s Civil War” (Foreign Affairs 2007), and “Neotrusteeship and the Problem of Weak States” (International Security 2004).