Weather and climate information and agricultural productivity in Rwanda

Project report

  • Climate change poses an immediate and inevitable future challenge for Least Developed Countries whose economies depend on rain-fed agriculture. However, few studies have investigated the role of Weather and Climate Information Systems (WCIS) in boosting resilience to weather shocks.
  • This study evaluates the treatment effect of Rwanda's national WCIS on intensification practices and farm productivity.
  • The study uses cross-sectional data from Rwanda's EICV5 survey and addresses selection bias using Propensity Score Matching. WCIS has a positive and statistically significant treatment effect on adopting intensive practices but no impact on productivity.
  • Further analysis suggests that the role of Rwanda's WCIS in agriculture adaptation to climate change can be enhanced by improving the quality of information disseminated to farmers.