New IGC research carried out over five years in Uganda shows that while increased information on politicians’ performance can lead to more debate about political effectiveness, it does not automatically lead to greater political accountability. This challenges the popular hypothesis that transparency leads more or less directly to improvements in government performance.
While some industry sectors benefit from being geographically concentrated, other sectors see greater benefits when they are located in more diverse areas and can take advantage of inter-industry learning economies.
This study examines the link between information and schooling choices. Ghana is one of several countries that use standardised exams to determine admission to secondary school. However, students must apply to schools before they know their exam results or schools' admission requirements; they are thus required to make critical decisions based on imperfect information. Using data from a survey of 4,098 secondary school students in Ghana, Kehinde and Telli examine how students' expectations about exam performance relate to application decisions.
Water saving agricultural technologies are a potentially important but under-utilised lever to conserve groundwater in India. Technologies like laser levelers have high private returns and lead to water savings, yet the adoption rates are not very high. It is often thought that social influence is an important factor in adopting new technologies. This report presents results from a pilot study in which farmers in the Indian state of Punjab were surveyed about their beliefs about, and use of, laser leveling, and about their social networks.
Afridi, Barooah and Somanathan use the exogenous policy shock of the extension of provision of school meals to upper primary grades in public schools in Delhi to study the effects of school meal intake on the cognitive effort of students within the classroom. Using individual level data on the performance of students in effort games both before and after the extension of the programme, the researchers find that the provision of meals significantly improved the classroom effort of students in grade seven.
This paper has two objectives. First, it provides information on student absenteeism in elementary school in two districts of the North Indian state of Bihar. While teacher absenteeism has received a significant amount of attention in the literature, less is known about student absenteeism. Knowledge of student absenteeism is critical for policies that attempt to improve schooling outcomes. It also helps the design of other programmes that deliver services, such as health and nutrition, to children through schools.
This study seeks to understand whether providing information on the absolute and relative quality of schooling to the stakeholders affects the behavior of service providers in both the public and the private sector. The quality of public services offered to the poor, especially in health and education, is dismal in most developing countries.
Among the many challenges and opportunities facing South Sudan as it embarks on its newly found statehood, is the question of its possible accession to the East African Community (“EAC” or “Community”). Accession to the EAC presents both opportunities and challenges for South Sudan. This note highlights key legal provisions of the EAC’s main documents. It does not attempt to provide an answer to the question of whether or not to join the EAC. This complex decision should be based on multiple and wide-ranging political and economic analyses.