Formalising and enhancing the performance of artisanal and small-scale mining in Ethiopia

Project Active from to Firms

This project builds on a previous study to enhance the productivity of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in Ethiopia, addressing technical, legal, economic, and social factors. The research aims to identify constraints, improve market links, and promote sustainable development in the ASM sector.

This project is a follow-up to the 2021 study Artisanal and small-scale mining in Ethiopia: Scoping study for a comprehensive survey, which aimed to gather information on artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in Ethiopia. The study revealed that the mining sector, including ASM, remains underdeveloped, with minimal contribution to GDP. ASM, in particular, provides employment for over 1.2 million people but operates informally, lacking licenses, legal protection, and government support.

In response to the scoping study, the Ethiopian government is conducting a baseline study to enhance ASM productivity. This study seeks to collect data on various aspects of ASM, including technological, legal, environmental, and social factors. It aims to identify constraints and opportunities in the ASM value chain and justify policy interventions.

The project will use a structured questionnaire, key informant interviews, and focus group discussions to gather data. Researchers will employ advanced econometric techniques to identify the determinants of ASM productivity, addressing technical, legal, economic, institutional, environmental, health, safety, gender, child labour, and community aspects.

By engaging with this research, policymakers can expect a more comprehensive understanding of the ASM sector in Ethiopia and insights into how to improve its productivity and contribution to the economy. This initiative is part of the broader government effort to harness the untapped potential of the mining sector and will involve collaboration with international researchers to broaden the policy agenda.