André Castro

André Castro is a former Country Economist for IGC Tanzania.  He is now pursuing a doctoral degree in Development Economics at the University of Bonn (ZEF, Center for Development Research).

He is a development economist with experience in quantitative evaluation and qualitative analysis of public policies related to public financial management and international trade. Prior to working for the IGC, André worked as an Overseas Development Institute (ODI) Fellow at the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development of Uganda, dealing with tax and fiscal policy. He has also worked as a competitive intelligence analyst at a medium-sized IT firm in São Paulo, Brazil.

André holds a Master’s in Globalisation and Development focused on international development economics from the University of Manchester, a Graduate Diploma in Economics from Birkbeck, University of London, and a BA in Economics from the University of São Paulo. His research interests include agricultural economics, industrial policy, international politics, and international trade.

Content by André Castro
  • Publication - Project Report

    Technology demand and the role of South-South trade in Tanzania’s textiles and apparel: Examining linkages with India

    25 Mar 2020 | Amrita Saha, Daniele Guariso, André Castro, Ben Shepherd

  • Blog post

    Tanzania’s textiles and apparel: Technology demand and the role of South-South trade

    Technological progress and innovation are critical for long-term economic growth. Sub-Saharan Africa, however, continues to show huge productivity differentials, as firms operate with large gaps from available best practices in more advanced economies. Adopting and adaptation of more efficient and effective technology to the context and specificities of the local economy...

    28 Jan 2020 | Amrita Saha, André Castro, Ben Shepherd , Daniele Guariso

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Horticulture, and wood and furniture industries in Tanzania: Performance, challenges, and potential policy approaches

    Manufacturing has long been considered an engine of economic growth and socio-economic development. Today, several developing countries are looking for the right industries that can trigger structural transformation. This brief discusses the cases of two agro-processing industries in Tanzania: horticultural processing, and wood and furniture. It discusses their...

    14 Jan 2020 | Francesca Guadagno, Samuel Mwita Wangwe, Michele Delera, André Castro

  • Blog post

    Industrialisation through natural resources: The case of horticulture, wood and furniture in Tanzania

    The horticulture, wood and furniture industries in Tanzania are still too small and inefficient. While the country lacks a concrete industrial strategy for these industries, a carefully designed policy mix with science, technology, and innovation at its core could make these industries thrive. Manufacturing has for long been considered an engine of economic growth and...

    13 Jan 2020 | Francesca Guadagno, Samuel Mwita Wangwe, Michele Delera, André Castro

  • Publication - Project Report, Working Paper

    Horticulture, and wood and furniture industries in Tanzania: Performance, challenges and potential policy approaches

    This paper analyses two resource-based manufacturing industries in Tanzania: processing of horticultural goods and wood products and furniture. In several developing countries resource-based industrialization has worked as an engine of structural transformation. In Tanzania, these industries are still too small and inefficient. While industrial policy could help address the...

    27 Nov 2019 | Francesca Guadagno, Samuel Mwita Wangwe, Michele Delera, André Castro

  • Project

    Identifying pathways to economic development through India’s South-South knowledge transfers & exchange: evidence from cotton apparel in Tanzania

    India’s intensified trade relations with Africa features as a key component of its model of South-South cooperation based on mutual partnerships. India’s trade with and investment in the African continent has grown in a major way, building on deep historical ties, especially with East Africa. Tanzania has emerged as a key partner, with promising potential in cotton...

    20 Sep 2019 | Ben Shepherd , André Castro, Amrita Saha, Daniele Guariso

  • Blog post

    The trade and industrialisation nexus: A pathway for development

    There is no single country that has managed to reach a high-income level without first undergoing an industrialisation process. Even the few exceptions of rich countries with a large natural resource base, such as Canada and Australia, built a strong and relatively diversified industrial park. Perhaps the main question is what kind of industrialisation process the current...

    14 Jan 2019 | André Castro

  • Project

    Industrial policies in the Tanzanian agro-processing industry: Challenges and policy responses

    Industrialisation is critical for job creation, income generation and sustainable long-run development. Tanzania will need to transform its economy in order to increase value addition in its export basket, tap into global value chains (GVCs) and, ultimately, provide its citizens with a better life. Industrial policy is an important but very delicate area of public policy...

    3 Jan 2019 | Samuel Mwita Wangwe, Francesca Guadagno, André Castro

  • Blog post

    Is GDP an adequate measure of development?

    An increasing GDP is often seen as a measure of welfare and economic success. However, it fails to account for the multi-dimensional nature of development or the inherent short-comings of capitalism, which tends to concentrate income and, thus, power. In this blog post, André Castro and Manish Prasad, make a case for using alternate measures of development such as the...

    17 Oct 2018 | Manish Kumar Prasad, André Castro