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  • Project

    A study of the constraints to civil servant productivity in Ethiopia

    State institutions are fundamental drivers of economic growth (Besley and Persson, 2010), and in many developing countries, a high proportion of national income is spent through the state. In Ethiopia, around one-fifth of national income is directed towards public-expenditure (World Bank Public Expenditure Review, 2016).  At the same time, our understanding of the drivers...

    13 Oct 2017 | Ravi Somani, Stefan Dercon, Daniel Rogger

  • Project

    Preferences or possibility? Understanding the labour supply decision in an LIC context

    The number of high-skilled workers in developing countries has been on the rise in recent years as spending on tertiary education expands, yet labour markets have not been able to create jobs to keep up with new skilled workers entering the labour market. The result has been a combination of underemployment and unemployment. Despite this pressing issue, we are not fully...

    12 Oct 2017 | Jamelia Harris

  • Project

    Mapping informal financial flows in the artisanal mining sector: The cases of Sierra Leone and Liberia

    In recent years, the economic importance and formalisation of artisanal gold mining has taken centre stage in policy discussions on rural economic development in West Africa.  Research has shown that despite being associated with a host of environmental, health and safety and social concerns, the sector provides a livelihood for hundreds of thousands of poor people in the...

    12 Oct 2017 | Roy Maconachie, Gavin Hilson

  • Project

    Fishing for votes? Income shocks and the opportunity cost of voting

    While economists have long argued that the opportunity cost of voting exceeds the private benefits – that is an individual vote is unlikely to affect the outcome of an election in a meaningful way – policies or events that affect the opportunity cost of voting at a more aggregate level have the potential to shape election and policy outcomes. This is especially the case...

    12 Oct 2017 | Sebastian Axbard, Jonathan Colmer, Teevrat Garg

  • Project

    Mapping the urban world: Integrating high-resolution satellite imagery and night light data

    Tracking how an economy allocates resources across space and time is difficult. Reliable data sources, particularly from developing countries, are scarce. Those that do exist (e.g., population censuses) are typically measured at low frequencies, difficult to obtain, hard to compare across countries, and available only for coarse spatial units (e.g., districts or counties)....

    12 Oct 2017 | Gordon Hanson, Amit Khandelwal, Ran Goldblatt

  • Project

    Collaboration on data analysis and field studies to strengthen BISP policy design, improve take-up, and build capacity on data analytics

    Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) is one of the largest cash transfer programs in the world. It targets social protection, poverty reduction and economic growth by delivering unconditional cash transfers, conditional cash transfers, human capital development and income generation programs. It is thus central to the IGC thematic and Pakistan country programme agendas...

    12 Oct 2017 | Benjamin Olken, Rema Hanna, Adnan Khan

  • Project

    Perceptions of Chinese investment in Myanmar

    Research to date supports the idea that Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is conducive for growth and poverty alleviation. Apart from economic benefits, the current literature argues that FDI and international market integration promote democratisation and reduce the incidence of armed conflicts in the long run. Such findings hold important implications for an increasingly...

    12 Oct 2017 | Youyi Zhang, Ying Yao

  • Project

    Willingness or ability to pay? Expanding electricity access with cost sharing and financing

    Access to electricity in Uganda remains low, and was estimated to be around 15% in 2012 (UBOS, 2013), with a stark rural-urban divide. Lack of access to electricity represents a large impediment to achieving higher income levels. The Government of Uganda has recognised this both in Vision 2040 and the National Development Plan, and set the goal of achieving universal...

    11 Oct 2017 | Kelsey Jack, Molly Lipscomb

  • Project

    Promoting energy and water efficiency in irrigation through direct and indirect incentives

    Groundwater irrigation has revolutionised agriculture in India, but in many areas, over-extraction is now worsening water quality, increasing poverty, and overloading the electric grid. Meanwhile, plenty of water- and energy-efficient techniques and technologies exist – such as micro-irrigation – but adoption remains low. What is the best way for governments, utilities,...

    11 Oct 2017 | Michael Greenstone, Nick Hagerty, Ariel Zucker

  • Project

    African cities background: Kampala – a policy narrative

    This policy narrative examines the urban development of Kampala from its pre-colonial past to the present day. It covers both the spatial development of the city as well as its economic development. Special emphasis is given to the historical development of the city’s structure of governance, land and housing markets, and transportation networks. The analysis uses a wide...

    9 Oct 2017 | Patricia Jones, Julia Bird, Charles Beck, Astrid Haas