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  • Project

    Investor performance and tax incentives

    The focus to attract additional private-sector investment, both domestic and foreign, has long been a key priority for the Government of Rwanda, and a critical policy focus for economic development. This has commonly taken the shape of targeted support for priority sectors, such as manufacturing, agro-processing and ICT, and has occurred, in part, through prioritised...

    16 Aug 2019 | Erik Von Uexkull, Victor Steenbergen

  • Project

    Support to the Rwanda Mining Board in revising the Mining Policy and Strategy

    Rwanda, like most mineral-exporting countries in sub-Saharan Africa, exports minerals in semi-processed concentrate form. Although contributing 11 per cent of foreign exchange, mining activities have existed as an enclave, disconnected from the wider economy. There is a widespread perception among senior Rwandan government officials that the mining sector performs below...

    16 Aug 2019 | Herbert M'cleod, Michael Biryabarema

  • Project

    Political economy of road networks: What happens to a local economy when a new road is built?

    The processes that involve the provision of public goods like paved streets, electricity, gas and piped water connections are highly contested and politicised in Pakistan. As a result, differences in the provision of public goods exist across dimensions of class, caste/biraderi, gender and locality. The differential and uneven provision of public goods, not only further...

    16 Aug 2019 | Danish Khan, Vamsi Vakulabharanam, Shahram Azhar

  • Project

    Electricity and public goods provision in Karachi, Pakistan

    In large parts of the developing world where democracy and democratic institutions such as legislature, courts and civil society are weakly institutionalised, the provision of public goods to the most disenfranchised members of society falls through the cracks. This project focuses on the privatisation of electricity, a public good that at the turn of the millennia is...

    16 Aug 2019 | Erum Haider

  • Project

    Key policy messages for Pakistan’s new government

    Ahead of the upcoming general elections in Pakistan, there is a growing perception that the government administration will be overhauled as the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) forms a new government. In the case that PTI does not form a government, the country team will still be keen to engage with the new government regardless of the party. The primary objective of this...

    16 Aug 2019 | Umair Javed

  • Project

    Strains on trade: frictions and policy in the Ugandan vehicle sector

    The secondary markets for motor vehicles and their spare parts loom large in Uganda, as they do in many other low-income countries. In 2015, second only to petroleum products, vehicles represented one of the top imports by value, with most of them being in used condition. The relative affordability of used vehicles allows for deeper penetration into the Ugandan population,...

    16 Aug 2019 | Felix Forster, Dorothy Nakyambadde

  • Project

    The impact of infrastructure improvement on urban life quality and firm output

    Zambia has embarked on an aggressive agenda of road-building in its bid for growth over the past couple of decades. Since landlocked countries tend to grow more slowly due to reduced openness to trade, infrastructure development is particularly critical for growth. Research shows that after reaching a certain level of infrastructure capacity, the continued construction...

    16 Aug 2019 | Cong Peng

  • Project

    Economic geography of Rwanda

    The purpose of this research project is to provide policymakers with more detailed insights into the structure of economic activities in secondary cities across Rwanda and to fill a gap in the literature with respect to the magnitude and direction of inter-regional trade within the country. The economic development of secondary cities is a key priority for the Government of...

    16 Aug 2019 | Anirudh Rajashekar, Marion Richard, Dimitri Stoelinga

  • Project

    Trade facilitation and informal cross border trade

    Informal cross border trade (ICBT) – trade activities which are unrecorded in official trade statistics – is pervasive in Africa. Economic theory suggests that the presence of informal trade depends on the relative costs of trading informally and formally (Golub, 2015; Eberhard-Ruiz & Moradi, 2018). Some of the factors spurring informal trade are expensive document...

    16 Jul 2019 | Jade Siu

  • Project

    Tanzania Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises Map

    Despite evidence of the contribution of fast-growing micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) to private sector growth and economic transformation, academic studies and policymakers have struggled to effectively identify and support these high-growth MSMEs. The reality is that much of our understanding of the MSME sector comes from information drawn from low- or...

    24 May 2019 | Margaret McMillan, Cynthia Kinnan