Tax Farming Redux: Experimental Evidence on Incentive Pay for Tax Collectors (with Ben Olken, MIT, and Asim Khwaja, Harvard) Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2016; Documentary; Policy Briefcase: Paying for Performance; Policy Report: Property Tax Experiment in Punjab, Pakistan; Blog
Making Moves Matter: Experimental Evidence on Incentivizing Bureaucrats through Performance-Based Transfers (with Benjamin Olken, MIT, and Asim Khwaja, Harvard) Appendix here. Best Practice Award at the PEGNet Conference 2017 for effective interaction between research and practice. Appendix here. NBER Working Paper #24383. Revise and resubmit requested, American Economic Review.
The Impact of Social Networks on Labour Market Outcomes: New Evidence from Cape Breton (with Steven Lehrer, Queen’s) NBER Working Paper, Canadian Public Policy 2013.
Breaking the Counter-cyclical Pattern of Local Democracy in Pakistan (with Roger Myerson, Chicago, and Ali Cheema, LUMS), in ‘Is Decentralization Good for Development? Perspectives from Academics and Policymakers’, edited by J.P. Faguet, Oxford University Press 2015.
Local Government Reforms in Pakistan: Context, Content and Causes (with Asim Khwaja, Harvard and Ali Cheema, LUMS), for Pranab Bardhan and Dilip Mookherjee’s ‘Decentralization and Local Governance in Developing Countries’, MIT Press, USA 2006
Capacity Development for Education Service Delivery in Pakistan: Top Down Devolution (with David Watson) in Public Administration and Development 2010.
Capacity Building for Decentralized Education Service Delivery in Pakistan (with David Watson) (Discussion Paper 57G) European Centre for Development Policy Management: Maastricht 2005
Decentralization in Pakistan: Context, Content and Causes (with Asim Khwaja, Harvard, and Ali Cheema, LUMS) KSG Working Paper No. RWP05-034
Political Connections and Vote Choice: Evidence from Pakistan (with Jacob Shapiro, Princeton, Michael Callen, Harvard, Ali Cheema, LUMS, Farooq Naseer, LUMS, and Asad Liaqat, Harvard)
Motivating Bureaucrats: Autonomy vs Performance Pay for Public Procurement (with Oriana Bandiera, LSE, Andrea Prat, Columbia, and Michael Best, Stanford)
Rebuilding the Social Compact: Urban Service Delivery and Property Taxes in Pakistan (with Benjamin Olken, MIT, Asim Khwaja, Harvard, and Mahvish Shaukat, MIT)
Precision versus Proximity: Evidence from Survey Experiments with Civil Servants (with Michael Callen, Harvard, Asim Khwaja, Harvard, and Asad Liaqat, Harvard)
The Design of Social Protection Programs for the Ultra-Poor: Asset Transfers versus Unconditional Cash Transfers (with Robin Burgess, LSE, Imran Rasul, UCL, Oriana Bandiera, LSE, and Orazio Attanasio, UCL)
Evaluating the Take-up, Usage, and Impact of Mobile Money Accounts (with Greg Fischer, LSE, Joshua Blumenstock, Washington)
Tax and Political Connections (with Monica Singhal, UC Davis, and Asim Khwaja, Harvard)
Identifying the Impact of Decentralization: Evidence from Pakistan (with Asim Khwaja, Harvard and Ali Cheema, LUMS)
Effect of Capacity in Delivery of Urban Services (with Gharad Bryan, LSE, Gerard Padro i Miquel, LSE, Ali Liaqat, Harvard, and Ali Cheema, LUMS)
Out of Sight Out of Mind: Reducing Collusion in Customs Inspections (with Benjamin Olken, MIT, Asim Khwaja, Harvard, and Michael Best, Stanford)
Effect of Employment on Volunteering and Health Outcomes: Evidence from a Community Employment Project in Canada (with Steven Lehrer, Queens)
Co-chair, LSE-Oxford Commission on State Fragility, Growth and Development with David Cameron and Donald Kaberuak as Co-chairs and Tim Besley and Paul Colliers as Academic Directors. Report here.
These 3 barriers make it hard for policymakers to use the evidence that development researchers produce (with Michael Callen, Asim Khwaja, Asad Liaqat and Emily Myers). Blog for The Monkey Cage at The Washington Post
Rewarding bureaucrats: Can incentives improve public sector performance? (with Oriana Bandiera and Julia Tobias) Growth Brief, International Growth Centre 2017
Designing Incentive Structures in Bureaucracies: A Case Study for Civil Service Reform in Pakistan (with Asim Khwaja and Tiffany Simon) forthcoming
Taxing to develop: When ‘third-best’ policies are optimal (with Henrik Kleven and Upaasna Kaul) Growth Brief, International Growth Centre 2016 (FT Blog in beyondbrics)
Punjab Economic Opportunities Program, Phase 1 Baseline Report for Livestock (with Imran Rasul, UCL, Saad Gulzar, IGC, David Hollywood, UCL, Hafsa Iqbal, CERP, and Arqam Lodhi, CERP) 2013
Punjab Economic Opportunities Program, Livestock Supply Side Surveys Report (with Imran Rasul, UCL, Omar Gondal, CERP, Anam Shoaib, CERP, Sahaab Sheikh, CERP, and Minahil Niazi, CERP) 2013
Tax in Developing Countries: Increasing Resources for Development (with Timothy Besley, LSE) Written Evidence for the International Development Select Committee, UK Parliament 2012
A Study of Informal Finance Markets in Pakistan Pakistan Microfinance Network 2005
About 10 years as researcher and catalyser of others’ research, most importantly as Research and Policy Director at International Growth Centre, LSE.
More than15 years in Government, advocacy and private sector. Served in government mostly as a member of the Pakistan Administrative Service (PAS) after topping the civil service examination in Pakistan. Received President’s Medal for performance. Positions included:
- National School of Public Policy Pakistan
- Ministry of Finance
- Provincial and District Administration
- Punjab Education Sector Reform Program (PESRP)
- Project management of infrastructure and development projects
PhD Economics, Queen’s University Kingston
Master of Public Administration, Harvard Kennedy School Cambridge
B.Sc. Engineering from University of Engineering and Technology Lahore
Diploma in International Affairs, Punjab University
This course uses principal-agent model as the main analytical framework to examine the internal working of the state. It brings the world of practice into the world of academics to look at public policies, government performance and their impact on development outcomes.
Bureaucracy and Policy: Opening the Black Box of Governance, Harvard Kennedy School