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  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Improving the cost-effectiveness of Rwanda’s tax incentives

    Over the years, Rwanda has deployed a menu of tax incentives to attract investors. In 2015, total tax incentives amounted to about 0.9% of gross domestic product (GDP). A transparent and targeted strategy for giving out tax incentives is critical to ensure that they do not erode the domestic tax base. This study finds that Rwanda’s tax incentives are not a...

    11 Oct 2019 | Victor Steenbergen, Erik Von Uexkull, Anna Twum

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Priorities for mineral-led industrialisation in Rwanda

    Rwandan officials need to actively engage with the new Mining Policy for its effective implementation. Economic growth may not necessarily conform to the African Mining Vision (AMV, 2009). Longer term plans for investments relating to mining sector services need to be pursued. A full diagnosis of the mining sector must precede interventions to influence its...

    11 Oct 2019 | Herbert M'cleod

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Realising land rights and social accountability through community-based organisations: The impacts of India’s Homestead Programme

    This study uses a mixed-methods randomised impact evaluation to shed light on two broad policy questions: First, how and to what extent can development interventions improve the governance of social protection through attempts to induce community mobilisation? Second, how can the homestead land rights of marginalised populations be improved? The programme’s core is...

    11 Oct 2019 | Andre Joshua Nickow, Sanjay Kumar

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Improving coffee farmer welfare with innovative credit solutions in developing countries

    Most poor people in developing countries work in agriculture. Many sell to cooperatives and agro-processing enterprises. Improving these firms’ access to credit has the potential to unlock demand and raise farmers’ incomes. Providing sustainable access to working capital loans in agricultural chains has proven difficult due to poor contract enforcement,...

    11 Oct 2019 | Arthur Blouin, Rocco Macchiavello

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    The economic geography of Rwanda: Trends, challenges and opportunities

    The economic geography of Rwanda is characterised by relatively low levels of urbanisation (estimated at about 18.5% in 2016 - 2017 according to Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey (EICV) 5 data), a high urbanisation growth rate, high population density, and the urban dominance of Kigali City, the capital. This study confirms that Rwanda is urbanising...

    11 Oct 2019 | Dimitri Stoelinga , Anirudh Rajashekar, Marion Richard

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Measuring power outages in Ghana using satellite imagery

    Ghana recently experienced an extreme power crisis, which peaked in 2015, leading to substantial economic, social, and political problems. Despite the widespread impacts of the crisis, there is no reliable data on the variation in power supply quality across Ghana over this period. Our project estimates geographic variation in power outages using the Power Supply...

    11 Oct 2019 | Brian Min

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Mapping urbanisation in India with satellite imagery

    Satellite images provide a promising source of data for measuring urbanisation: It provides higher spatial and temporal resolution than administrative data. This project uses remotely sensed data to detect urban markets in India for 2013 (accessible via the Google Earth Engine). We find that landcover-based markets detected from daytime satellite imagery are...

    11 Oct 2019 | Kathryn Baragwanath Vogel, Ran Goldblatt, Gordon Hanson, Amit Khandelwal

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Production responses and tax evasion with limited state capacity

    In India, indirect taxes represent 85% of state tax revenue. Historically, its highly decentralised system of commodity taxation has led to production inefficiencies. Our research is on the effect of India switching from a sales tax to a value added tax (VAT) in the 2000s. We focus on two margins of response: Output and tax evasion near registration thresholds. We...

    11 Oct 2019 | David R. Agrawal, Laura Zimmermann

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Conservation credits: Payments for voluntary groundwater conservation

    Paying farmers to pump less groundwater could be a cost-effective and equitable way to reduce water and electricity consumption in irrigated agriculture. A pilot of conservation credits among 90 smallholder farmers in three villages in Gujarat proceeded smoothly and was received well by the communities. Results suggest that financial incentives may be able to...

    11 Oct 2019 | Nick Hagerty, Ariel Zucker

  • Publication -

    Making the workplace work for women

    The traditional economic rationale for increased female labour force participation is that it benefits women directly and society indirectly. A new argument looks at how increased female labour force participation can boost aggregate economic growth and hence, benefit everyone, on average. Yet, several factors hinder women’s productive employment. This Growth Brief...

    8 Oct 2019 | Nalini Gulati, Farzana Afridi, Oriana Bandiera