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  • Blog post

    Food security and international trade

    As the Eleventh WTO Ministerial Conference is in progress at Buenos Aires, this column looks at the role trade plays in ensuring food security through increased enhanced international cooperation on a multilateral scale. Although food security has long been recognized as a universal human right, 815 million people worldwide remained undernourished in 2016. In addition, the...

    11 Dec 2017 | Antoine Bouët, David Laborde

  • Blog post

    Guardians of accountability: A field experiment on corruption and inefficiency in Peru’s local public works

    A field experiment tested the extent to which civil society oversight can curb corruption in public infrastructure, when supported by the relevant authority. Districts that received the monitoring intervention spent, on average, 75,000 US dollars less per project. Corruption in Latin America  Lava Jato is Latin America’s largest corruption scandal to date. Brazilian...

    8 Dec 2017 | Paul F. Lagunes

  • Blog post

    Todas as Fichas num Único Feijão: Lições da Crise de Feijão Bóer de 2017

    Nos últimos anos, a rápida expansão da produção de feijão bóer dinamizou a economia rural na Zona Centro-Norte de Moçambique. Porém, a queda drástica do preço em 2017 gerou uma crise nas zonas de maior produção e chama a atenção para a necessidade de se melhorar o acompanhamento das dinâmicas do mercado e de um esforço conjunto para a...

    7 Dec 2017 | Alberto Da Cruz, Jorrit Oppewal

  • Blog post

    A Crise Socioeconómica no Meio Rural Zambeziano

    Os distritos da Média e Alta Zambézia sofreram o maior impacto da queda do preço de feijão bóer em 2017. O grosso dos produtores não teve retorno financeiro do investimento feito na última campanha agrícola, o que provocou efeitos multiplicadores na economia local. Moçambique tem atravessado tempos de crise económica desde 2015, provocada pela descoberta de...

    7 Dec 2017 | Alberto Da Cruz, Jorrit Oppewal

  • Blog post

    Assessing the economic benefits of transit trade in Tanzania

    Tanzania benefits significantly from transit trade, serving as a potential driver of economic growth, welfare and local enterprise development. This highlights the indispensable role of the government in promoting transit trade in the country. The untapped potential of transit trade in Tanzania One of the highlights of the Tanzanian 2017 budget speech was the abolishment...

    4 Dec 2017 | Josaphat Kweka, Solomon Michael

  • Blog post

    Identifying realistic export opportunities for Rwanda

    Using an innovative approach called the ‘Decision Support Model’ (DSM), a mapping of Rwanda’s export potentials has been produced, revealing its most promising export products, accompanied by an overview of markets that currently demand such goods.

    1 Dec 2017 | Martin Cameron, Wilma Viviers, Victor Steenbergen

  • Blog post

    Lessons from Uganda’s tax reform: Improving tax administration in Tanzania

    Uganda’s reforms involved increased staff capacity, digitised databases and inhouse revenue collection, requiring knowledge, political will and funding. A government task force, culture of compliance and cost-benefit analysis can support reform in Tanzania. On the 2nd – 4th October 2017, the International Growth Centre (IGC) was invited to participate in the 33rd...

    29 Nov 2017 | Priya Manwaring

  • Blog post

    India's commodity tax system leads to low compliance

    Data on tax rates in India for the past fifteen years reveals how rates vary by state and product. This heterogeneity and volatility results in high compliance costs, inter-state distortions, and households substituting toward lower-tax products. Tax in India India’s commodity tax system is complex, with large variation across states, products and time. We document the...

    27 Nov 2017 | David R. Agrawal, Laura Zimmermann

  • Blog post

    Local government corruption in Ghana: Misplaced control and incentives

    Bureaucrat corruption corresponds to the control politicians have over their careers. Politicians distort processes to extract funds and garner influence. A more structured bureaucrat transfer process and the monitoring of procurement can curtail corruption. In Ghana in early 2017, a police officer became embroiled in a conflict with a renowned Member of Parliament (MP)....

    22 Nov 2017 | Sarah Brierley

  • Blog post

    Clarence Blay: ‘Ghana has 140,000 mobile money agents versus 1,300 bank branches’

    The most famous mobile payments system in Africa, MPesa, allows users to make payments by sending text messages from simple mobile phones, not necessarily smart ones. The idea has started a new wave of mobile payments and transfers in the continent, and governments are taking steps to help this ingenious solution usher in a new era of financial inclusion for their...

    20 Nov 2017 | Helena Vieira