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  • Blog post

    Conflict and firms: Industrial organisation in the face of insecurity

    Conflict has a long shadow, and its role in inhibiting development is clear. Today, a billion and a half people live in countries affected by fragility, conflict, or violence (World Bank 2011). The important decisions individuals make in their daily lives – where to travel, where to live, where to work – are all haunted by the spectre of violence. Not only does personal...

    6 Feb 2018 | Tim Dobermann

  • Blog post

    The economic gender gap in the garment sector in Bangladesh and Ghana

    An oversupply of female entrepreneurs results in fewer opportunities for women. This is compounded by higher costs of changing jobs for women due to household responsibilities, and promotion rates being significantly lower for females than males. The gender gap and economic participation The findings of the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) research on closing the gender gap...

    31 Jan 2018 | Laura Sili

  • Blog post

    Consumer welfare impacts of high transport costs in rural Ethiopia

    Access to a variety of manufactured goods reduces in relation to the distance from urban centers. Accordingly, reductions in transport costs increase consumer welfare through higher incomes, lower prices, and increased variety.  Transport and consumption in Ethiopia Transport costs reduce consumer welfare, not only through lower incomes and higher prices, but also...

    29 Jan 2018 | Pramila Krishnan, Jan-Willem Gunning, Andualem Mengistu

  • Blog post

    Why metropolitan governance structures matter: Kampala

    Structuring metropolitan governance is largely dictated by administrative jurisdictions. Population and financing variables are also influential, with the power to determine the social, political and economic prosperity of the country at large. Metropolises Metropolitan areas are important hubs for economic activity around the world, particularly in less developed...

    19 Jan 2018 | Astrid Haas, Enid Slack

  • Blog post

    Increasing investment and limiting default with flexible loan repayment

    A recent study conducted in India, reveals that a flexible repayment option improves borrowers’ business outcomes without undermining repayment rates. Lenders in developing countries need to adopt a more customised approach towards borrowers. Irregular income and flexible repayment Borrowers who have irregular incomes often find it hard to adhere to frequent, rigid...

    17 Jan 2018 | Giorgia Barboni, Parul Agarwal

  • Blog post

    Improving transport in developing cities with investment and regulation

    On 15 November 2017, the Oxford Urbanists and the International Growth Centre’s (IGC) Cities that Work initiative, co-hosted a panel discussion on the ‘Future of Informal Transport in Rapidly Growing Cities’, to discuss evidence for improved policy. Transport and development Transport is a vital component of connectivity in developing cities, allowing them to be a...

    15 Jan 2018 | Priya Manwaring

  • Blog post

    Women’s Financial Inclusion: 5 Reasons Why it Matters for Mozambique

    The IGC recently published a policy brief that discusses the obstacles to financial inclusion in Mozambique. It tackles two of the main challenges: the low levels of financial literacy and the absence of interoperability. Novella Maugeri (Country Economist, IGC Mozambique) analyses this brief from the perspective of gender empowerment. How do you get your money from the...

    19 Dec 2017 | Novella Maugeri

  • Blog post

    The multiplier effect of Mozambique’s natural gas discovery and FDI bonanza

    In the two years following the discovery, FDI inflows, driven by new projects in new industries, increased by 58%. There was also strong growth in manufacturing, retail, business services and construction, accompanied by substantial job creation. Natural resources and growth Natural resources are often thought of as a curse, slowing economic growth in resource-rich...

    18 Dec 2017 | Gerhard Toews, Pierre-Louis Vezina

  • Blog post

    Information-driven voter disagreement over more authoritarianism: Experimental evidence from Turkey

    Globally, civil liberties and political rights have been declining for eleven consecutive years (Freedom House, 2017). The erosion of these measures runs counter to a priori expectations that circumstances would improve: the number of democracies had doubled within the past five decades and information is increasingly available to voters due to a growing and diverse set of...

    13 Dec 2017 | Ceren Baysan

  • Blog post

    Food security and international trade

    As the Eleventh WTO Ministerial Conference is in progress at Buenos Aires, this column looks at the role trade plays in ensuring food security through increased enhanced international cooperation on a multilateral scale. Although food security has long been recognized as a universal human right, 815 million people worldwide remained undernourished in 2016. In addition, the...

    11 Dec 2017 | Antoine Bouët, David Laborde