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  • Blog post

    Towards sustainable water provision in Mandalay

    The Mandalay City Development Committee (MCDC) is currently making a major loss in running its water system, with a deficit exceeding 50% of their operation and maintenance costs. This is without accounting for the need to expand and upgrade the system, much of which still stems from colonial times. How can policymakers ensure a sustainable future for piped-water supply in...

    19 Feb 2020 | Tanvi Nagpal, Ankit Chatri

  • Blog post

    The effect of financial literacy on the financial policies of firms

    Can education play a role in economic development through improved corporate practices? Several studies conducted with micro and small firms in developing countries point to this direction. But what about large firms? As large firms contribute to a sizeable share of the value created in a country, the potential effect of managers’ education on large firms’ performance...

    17 Feb 2020 | Cláudia Custódio, Daniel Metzger, Diogo Matos Mendes

  • Blog post

    Worker turnover and job flows in the formal private sector of Ethiopia

    Creating a sufficient number of stable and well-paying jobs remains a major challenge for African economies. Urban labour markets in the region are marked by high informality and unemployment rates, and most jobs offer minimum job security and typically very low wages. Indeed in Ethiopia, the informal economy is estimated to account for over 38% of GDP with data from the...

    14 Feb 2020 | Måns Söderbom, Admasu Shiferaw, Getnet Alemu

  • Blog post

    Urbanisation in fragile societies: Thinking about Kabul

    As part of the Blavatnik School of Government’s “Challenges of Government” Conference, the International Growth Centre’s Cities that Work team put together a panel on identity and legitimacy in Kabul. The discussion highlighted the importance of building legitimacy in fragile contexts, particularly given the emergence of fragmented identities and new networks of...

    13 Feb 2020 | Oliver Harman, Freshta Karim, Shoaib Rahim, Shahrukh Wani

  • Blog post

    Transforming secondary cities in Uganda for job creation

    Across developing countries, the combined forces of rapid population growth, a burgeoning youth workforce, and urbanisation have created a policy imperative to generate jobs at an enormous scale. While primary cities must play a role in this job creation, it is unrealistic to imagine that all the necessary jobs, or even the majority, can be created in a single metropolitan...

    12 Feb 2020 | Gregory Randolph, Miljan Sladoje, Sabina Dewan

  • Blog post

    Navigating the urban age

    Whatever we might say is right or wrong with cities of the 21st century, they are indisputably a defining feature of our age. As much as we are post-modern, post-gender or post-colonial, we are also post-rural. Our existence, for an increasing majority, is urban. Even more than that, our aspirations are urban. This is visible almost everywhere. In the US, people with...

    11 Feb 2020 | Oliver Harman, Shahrukh Wani

  • Blog post

    Urban data innovations: Three cities showing their smarts

    Last year the International Growth Centre (IGC) co-hosted a policy workshop in Washington DC in the United States (US) with the World Bank, George Washington University, and the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) as part of the 6th Urbanisation and Poverty Reduction Conference. The theme was ‘Leveraging new data for better urban management and policies’. This year,...

    10 Feb 2020 | Victoria Delbridge, Oliver Harman

  • Blog post

    The value of electricity reliability in India

    India’s electricity distribution utilities face a debt trap that is common to electricity supply systems across the developing world. Highly subsidised residential electricity prices mean that utilities lose money on most kilowatt-hours they sell to households. These pricing policies leave utilities with neither the incentives nor the capital to improve reliability,...

    8 Feb 2020 | Shefali Khanna, Kevin Rowe

  • Blog post

    Improving labour standards: Enforcement interventions by multinationals in Bangladesh

    When MNCs enforce garment factory Safety Committee law on external suppliers, compliance and safety indicators improve. Importantly, the degree to which they improve depends on the supplier’s organisational capacity. In developing countries, governments often lack the capacity or the political will to update and enforce regulations (Dal Bó and Finan, 2016), including...

    6 Feb 2020 | Laura Boudreau

  • Blog post

    Improving teacher accountability in Pakistan’s rural schools

    Pakistan has extremely low learning levels and poor education service delivery is a driving factor. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) government has expressed a strong desire for evidence on how to design evaluation and oversight systems for the education sector, with the goal of improving learning. Accordingly, we conducted an International Growth Centre (IGC) supported study...

    3 Feb 2020 | Saher Asad, Masooma Habib, Naureen Karachiwalla, Katrina Kosec, Clare Leaver, Attique Ur Rehman