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  • Blog post

    Electronic salary payment for better financial planning in Bangladesh

    Electronic payments smooth consumption by reducing transaction costs and avoiding drops in consumption at the end of the month, thereby generating welfare benefits for workers and business. However, this is dependent on the timing of the payment. Low-income households around the world face the challenge of budgeting their monthly lump-sum salary payment until the next...

    28 Feb 2018 | Emily Breza, Martin Kanz, Leora Klapper

  • Blog post

    A renewed South Africa?

    Following an ultimatum from his own party, Jacob Zuma resigned as the President of South Africa on 14 February 2018. There is a sense of relief that the Zuma era is over, and optimism at the prospect of new leadership. However, cleaning out the deep corruption that’s taken root in South Africa will be no small feat. What lies ahead? This past week has seen a notable...

    26 Feb 2018 | Sarah Logan

  • Blog post

    Vocational training programs in India are leaving women behind, but this needn’t be the case

    Less than 25% of women are employed in their skilled job for more than three months and are also less likely to receive and accept job offers than men. Migration is a key constraint, with job location being a strong predictor of female outcomes. Skill India Many low- and middle-income countries have launched government-funded vocational training programmes to help youth...

    23 Feb 2018 | Charity Troyer Moore, Rohini Pande, Soledad Artiz Prillaman

  • Blog post

    Reforming India’s energy market: Towards centralised production

    To improve efficiency and integrate renewable energy, a centralised economic dispatch model is recommended. A real-time energy market with gate closure should also be introduced. Such market reforms require robust market monitoring and surveillance. An energy market design that enables buyers to meet their energy requirements, while allowing sellers to adjust their...

    20 Feb 2018 | Sushanta Chatterjee

  • Blog post

    Conflict and firms: Industrial organisation in the face of insecurity

    Conflict has a long shadow, and its role in inhibiting development is clear. Today, a billion and a half people live in countries affected by fragility, conflict, or violence (World Bank 2011). The important decisions individuals make in their daily lives – where to travel, where to live, where to work – are all haunted by the spectre of violence. Not only does personal...

    6 Feb 2018 | Tim Dobermann

  • Blog post

    The economic gender gap in the garment sector in Bangladesh and Ghana

    An oversupply of female entrepreneurs results in fewer opportunities for women. This is compounded by higher costs of changing jobs for women due to household responsibilities, and promotion rates being significantly lower for females than males. The gender gap and economic participation The findings of the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) research on closing the gender gap...

    31 Jan 2018 | Laura Sili

  • Blog post

    Consumer welfare impacts of high transport costs in rural Ethiopia

    Access to a variety of manufactured goods reduces in relation to the distance from urban centers. Accordingly, reductions in transport costs increase consumer welfare through higher incomes, lower prices, and increased variety.  Transport and consumption in Ethiopia Transport costs reduce consumer welfare, not only through lower incomes and higher prices, but also...

    29 Jan 2018 | Pramila Krishnan, Jan-Willem Gunning, Andualem Mengistu

  • Blog post

    Why metropolitan governance structures matter: Kampala

    Structuring metropolitan governance is largely dictated by administrative jurisdictions. Population and financing variables are also influential, with the power to determine the social, political and economic prosperity of the country at large. Metropolises Metropolitan areas are important hubs for economic activity around the world, particularly in less developed...

    19 Jan 2018 | Astrid Haas, Enid Slack

  • Blog post

    Increasing investment and limiting default with flexible loan repayment

    A recent study conducted in India, reveals that a flexible repayment option improves borrowers’ business outcomes without undermining repayment rates. Lenders in developing countries need to adopt a more customised approach towards borrowers. Irregular income and flexible repayment Borrowers who have irregular incomes often find it hard to adhere to frequent, rigid...

    17 Jan 2018 | Giorgia Barboni, Parul Agarwal

  • Blog post

    Improving transport in developing cities with investment and regulation

    On 15 November 2017, the Oxford Urbanists and the International Growth Centre’s (IGC) Cities that Work initiative, co-hosted a panel discussion on the ‘Future of Informal Transport in Rapidly Growing Cities’, to discuss evidence for improved policy. Transport and development Transport is a vital component of connectivity in developing cities, allowing them to be a...

    15 Jan 2018 | Priya Manwaring